Issues / Democracy & Governance
For most of the worlds poorest countries, multilateral debt looms larger than other debts because of the IFIs status as "preferred creditors," as providers of core development and balance-of-payment loans.
The twenty-first century requires new paths that encourage exchanges of goods, capital, and people that enhance the social and environmental common good and that discourage or stop those exchanges that undermine healthy communities, a clean environment, and dignified work.
The Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) is an independent U.S. government agency established in 1934 to create jobs through exports.
An alternative package of architectural reforms: Bretton Woods Light
For the past decade, through both Republican and Democratic administrations, the U.S. government has promoted a model of free-market global capitalism that it claimed would benefit the great majority of people both at home and abroad. This model has failed.
Environmental concerns have been at the leading edge of a movement to reform the World Bank over the past 15 years.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact invalidated NATOs original mandate and prompted a search for a new approach to European security.
The U.S. government has made the rigorous enforcement of intellectual property rights (IPR) a top priority of its foreign policy, using international trade negotiations as the means of continually ratcheting up the terms.
On Africas Atlantic coast, at the western extremity of the Arab world, lies Western Sahara, site of Africas longest post-colonial conflict.
One of the major challenges faced by the international community is how to address environmental problems that, although created locally, have global consequences.