Issues / Democracy & Governance
Ruled by a series of harsh military regimes since 1962, Burma serves as a test case for U.S. policy on several fronts: human rights; a growing worldwide heroin epidemic; the role of U.S. state and local governments in relation to international trade policy and practice; forced labor, international labor standards, and the new prominence of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in the era of globalization; and the role of multinational corporations in supporting dictatorships.
United Nations peacekeeping is yet again at a crossroads: it may finally succeed in establishing itself as the preeminent force for conflict prevention and peace, or it could continue operating with a severe mismatch of mandates and resources.
The Meltzer Commission Report, combined with street protests, has intensified the debate sparked by the IMFs handling of the global financial crisis.
Since Indonesias invasion of East Timor in 1975, the U.S. has supplied the Indonesian army with more than $1 billion in arms.
Compulsory licensing and parallel importing policies could help developing country governments make essential medicines more affordable to their citizens.
The UN estimates that Africa will need $3 billion just for basic treatment and prevention programs, yet the U.S. and other Western countries donated only $300 million in assistance in 2000.
The G8/G7, a self-constituted forum of the major free-market democracies, has situated itself at the center of global governance.
Over the past 30 years, study after study by academics, development practitioners, and international agencies has demonstrated the seemingly self-evident fact that women are equal to men, and sometimes surpass men, in contributing to social and economic development.
The international community has, at long last, recognized that there are some toxic chemicals that are just too dangerous to produce, use, and storeput simply, too dangerous to have on the planet.
Poverty, social disruption and destruction stemming from these wars, and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons are major factors in expanding the use of child soldiers.