Issues / Human Rights
Ruled by a series of harsh military regimes since 1962, Burma serves as a test case for U.S. policy on several fronts: human rights; a growing worldwide heroin epidemic; the role of U.S. state and local governments in relation to international trade policy and practice; forced labor, international labor standards, and the new prominence of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in the era of globalization; and the role of multinational corporations in supporting dictatorships.
Although there is no gender equality in the Middle East (including in Israel), the phenomena of sexism and misogyny are globalnot peculiar to Islam, or to the Middle East.
Termed the No Mercy War by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), it has caused at least 65,000 deaths, displaced up to one million people, resulted in severe human rights abuses, and slowed Sri Lankas once-promising development.
Indonesias military buildup and East Timor-style militia activities threaten to destabilize Papua and the region.
Since Indonesias invasion of East Timor in 1975, the U.S. has supplied the Indonesian army with more than $1 billion in arms.
Both a new U.S. administration and Chinas bid to host the 2008 Olympics offer opportunities to influence human rights in China.
Drug crop eradication has produced little effect on the price or availability of cocaine in the United States.
Drug profits moving through the U.S. financial system are estimated to be as high as $100 billion a year.
The UN estimates that Africa will need $3 billion just for basic treatment and prevention programs, yet the U.S. and other Western countries donated only $300 million in assistance in 2000.
Poverty, social disruption and destruction stemming from these wars, and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons are major factors in expanding the use of child soldiers.