Issues / Human Rights
With the downsizing of the U.S. military and an expansion of overseas training programs, the Pentagon has increasingly hired the services of private military firms.
The signing of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Antipersonnel Mines and on Their Destruction in Ottawa, Canada, in December 1997, represents a great arms control and human rights triumph.
Despite claims to the contrary, Ethiopia and Eritrea have been fighting not over a border but over rival hegemonic claims in the Horn of Africa and over "national pride" and "territorial integrity."
Ruled by a series of harsh military regimes since 1962, Burma serves as a test case for U.S. policy on several fronts: human rights; a growing worldwide heroin epidemic; the role of U.S. state and local governments in relation to international trade policy and practice; forced labor, international labor standards, and the new prominence of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in the era of globalization; and the role of multinational corporations in supporting dictatorships.
Although there is no gender equality in the Middle East (including in Israel), the phenomena of sexism and misogyny are globalnot peculiar to Islam, or to the Middle East.
Termed the No Mercy War by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), it has caused at least 65,000 deaths, displaced up to one million people, resulted in severe human rights abuses, and slowed Sri Lankas once-promising development.
Indonesias military buildup and East Timor-style militia activities threaten to destabilize Papua and the region.
Since Indonesias invasion of East Timor in 1975, the U.S. has supplied the Indonesian army with more than $1 billion in arms.
Both a new U.S. administration and Chinas bid to host the 2008 Olympics offer opportunities to influence human rights in China.
Drug crop eradication has produced little effect on the price or availability of cocaine in the United States.