Issues / Human Rights
Termed the No Mercy War by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), it has caused at least 65,000 deaths, displaced up to one million people, resulted in severe human rights abuses, and slowed Sri Lankas once-promising development.
Indonesias military buildup and East Timor-style militia activities threaten to destabilize Papua and the region.
Since Indonesias invasion of East Timor in 1975, the U.S. has supplied the Indonesian army with more than $1 billion in arms.
Both a new U.S. administration and Chinas bid to host the 2008 Olympics offer opportunities to influence human rights in China.
Drug crop eradication has produced little effect on the price or availability of cocaine in the United States.
Drug profits moving through the U.S. financial system are estimated to be as high as $100 billion a year.
The UN estimates that Africa will need $3 billion just for basic treatment and prevention programs, yet the U.S. and other Western countries donated only $300 million in assistance in 2000.
Poverty, social disruption and destruction stemming from these wars, and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons are major factors in expanding the use of child soldiers.
President Bushs military budget increase and the war time unity on Capitol Hill have created an environment in which weapons makers can enjoy the best of both worldscontinuing to make money on the weapons systems of the cold war while reaping the benefits of a war time bonanza of new defense contracts.
ith its enormous oil wealth, large agricultural base, and population of over 20 million, Iraq has long been considered one of the most important countries in the Arab world.