Issues / Labor, Trade, & Finance
Twenty-five years after the end of the Vietnam War, the U.S. still treats Vietnam with a double standard; the July 2000 signing of a bilateral trade agreement is one step toward a balanced policy.
The Bretton Woods Institutions (BWIs)the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)have come under increased scrutiny and criticism over the past several years.
The Meltzer Commission Report, combined with street protests, has intensified the debate sparked by the IMFs handling of the global financial crisis.
U.S. foreign economic assistance has shifted its purposes, its organizational structure is in question, and the way it operates is being challenged.
Although the World Trade Organization (WTO) ministerial failed to produce a new round of trade expansion, prior commitments made by countries in the Uruguay Round (which launched the WTO in 1994) meant that negotiations would continue in 2000 to liberalize both agricultural trade and trade in services.
Compulsory licensing and parallel importing policies could help developing country governments make essential medicines more affordable to their citizens.
The U.S. is pushing a negotiating agenda for the FTAA that would dramatically limit each countrys ability to undertake compulsory licensing, an important tool to promote generic competition.
As leaders of 34 Western Hemisphere countries gather in Quebec City, Canada in April 2001, President George W. Bush hopes that the third Summit of the Americas will mark a step toward fulfilling his fathers dream of creating a free trade area stretching from Alaska to Tierra del Fuego.
Drug profits moving through the U.S. financial system are estimated to be as high as $100 billion a year.
The militarization of Latin America, which begins at the U.S.-Mexico border, is undermining recent trends toward greater democratization and respect for human rights while doing little to stanch the flow of drugs into the United States.