Issues / War & Peace
Violence and warfare in Colombia are often blamed on the drug trade, but their roots run much deeper and go back well over five decades.
The militarization of Washington's Latin America policy is being led by the drug war, training programs, arms transfers, and a wide array of "military-to-military contact" efforts.
The militarization of Latin America, which begins at the U.S.-Mexico border, is undermining recent trends toward greater democratization and respect for human rights while doing little to stanch the flow of drugs into the United States.
U.S. officials have sought to relax restrictions on intelligence sharing with Andean governments at a time when these provisions need to be strengthened.
On May 1, 2001, President Bush reiterated his campaign pledge to deploy a multitiered ballistic missile defense system as soon as possible.
Under Qaddafis rule, Libya has made impressive gains in health care, education, housing, womens rights, and basic social services.
The Bush administrations Andean Regional Initiative (ARI)largely an expansion of U.S. support for Plan Colombiapassed the House of Representatives in late July, largely intact.
Poverty, social disruption and destruction stemming from these wars, and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons are major factors in expanding the use of child soldiers.
The explosion of U.S. military interest and funding for Plan Colombia, occurring in the wake of the U.S. withdrawal from military bases in Panama in December 1999, has given rise to a proliferation of new U.S. bases and military access agreements in the region.
The devastating terrorist attack that struck the U.S. on September 11, 2001, shattered New Yorks massive World Trade Center, a piece of the Pentagon, thousands of innocent lives, and the illusion that sophisticated technology and powerful weapons could keep America safe.