Issues / War & Peace
Ruled by a series of harsh military regimes since 1962, Burma serves as a test case for U.S. policy on several fronts: human rights; a growing worldwide heroin epidemic; the role of U.S. state and local governments in relation to international trade policy and practice; forced labor, international labor standards, and the new prominence of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in the era of globalization; and the role of multinational corporations in supporting dictatorships.
United Nations peacekeeping is yet again at a crossroads: it may finally succeed in establishing itself as the preeminent force for conflict prevention and peace, or it could continue operating with a severe mismatch of mandates and resources.
The Pentagon, arms manufacturers, and lobbyists push Congress to fund many outmoded weapons systems that were designed to fight a superpower foe.
Termed the No Mercy War by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), it has caused at least 65,000 deaths, displaced up to one million people, resulted in severe human rights abuses, and slowed Sri Lankas once-promising development.
U.S. military policies today marginalize women and entrench the masculinization of political life at home and abroad.
Indonesias military buildup and East Timor-style militia activities threaten to destabilize Papua and the region.
Massive injections of U.S. and Soviet arms have kept the war raging between northern and southern Sudan for nearly a half-century.
Since Indonesias invasion of East Timor in 1975, the U.S. has supplied the Indonesian army with more than $1 billion in arms.
In the U.S. the attractions of missile defense endure, fueled most recently by the apparent Gulf War successes of the Patriot missiles and by perceived threats of long-range missile launches by so-called rogue states.
Drug crop eradication has produced little effect on the price or availability of cocaine in the United States.