The end of the cold war sparked contentious debate about what constitutes the most effective and least expensive security policy.
What happened to the peace dividend that was widely expected to accrue from reduced defense spending after the end of the cold war?
For 20 years the gap has been widening between the level of economic development in Africa and every other area of the world.
The U.S. views Libya and Sudan as rogue states that should be contained by providing U.S. military aid to neighboring countries.
The U.S. trade embargo and various other sanctions against Cuba have been in place for some 36 yearsand U.S. policy toward the island has changed little in that time.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
Central Americas modern history is marked by widespread poverty, stark inequalities, political instability, and violent repression.
Pakistani aid together with support from Pashtun traders and tribesmen enabled the Taliban to capture Kabul.
Islamism is viewed as a force that undermines the Middle East peace process, threatens the flow of oil, and leads to the establishment of Iranian-style regimes in the region.
When war erupted in the former Yugoslavia in 1991, the U.S. kept its distance.