The U.S. trade embargo and various other sanctions against Cuba have been in place for some 36 yearsand U.S. policy toward the island has changed little in that time.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
Central Americas modern history is marked by widespread poverty, stark inequalities, political instability, and violent repression.
Pakistani aid together with support from Pashtun traders and tribesmen enabled the Taliban to capture Kabul.
Islamism is viewed as a force that undermines the Middle East peace process, threatens the flow of oil, and leads to the establishment of Iranian-style regimes in the region.
When war erupted in the former Yugoslavia in 1991, the U.S. kept its distance.
UN operations are crucial in saving and improving lives throughout the world, especially in the development, social, health, and education arenas.
The Clinton administration came into office espousing support for UN peacekeeping. Characterizing his policy as assertive multilateralism, President Clinton appeared enthusiastic about the creation of a small UN quick-deployment force and seemed unwilling to commit U.S. forces to UN operations.
Environmentalists expect access to information and broad participation in decisionmaking. In addition to culture, substantive differences divide the trade and environmental communities.
Over the past decade, nuclear weapons have been reduced from 70,000 to 40,000. The U.S. and Russia hold 97% of these remaining nuclear weapons.