Regions / Africa
Despite claims to the contrary, Ethiopia and Eritrea have been fighting not over a border but over rival hegemonic claims in the Horn of Africa and over "national pride" and "territorial integrity."
Termed the No Mercy War by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), it has caused at least 65,000 deaths, displaced up to one million people, resulted in severe human rights abuses, and slowed Sri Lankas once-promising development.
Massive injections of U.S. and Soviet arms have kept the war raging between northern and southern Sudan for nearly a half-century.
Compulsory licensing and parallel importing policies could help developing country governments make essential medicines more affordable to their citizens.
The UN estimates that Africa will need $3 billion just for basic treatment and prevention programs, yet the U.S. and other Western countries donated only $300 million in assistance in 2000.
Under Qaddafis rule, Libya has made impressive gains in health care, education, housing, womens rights, and basic social services.
Poverty, social disruption and destruction stemming from these wars, and the proliferation of small arms and light weapons are major factors in expanding the use of child soldiers.
Not since anticommunism was used to excuse the arming and training of repressive governments during the cold war has there been such a broad, fail-safe rationale to provide military aid and arms to disreputable foreign militaries.
Former U.S. Surgeon General David Satcher has likened the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Africa to the plague that decimated Europe in the fourteenth century.
The community of several thousand South African activists from whom I learn most--a group quite consciously pro-globalization-of-people and anti-globalization-of-capital--takes pride in the give-and-take lessons of international protest, solidarity, and local self-reliance gleaned during these past five years.