Regions / Latin America & Caribbean
The foundation of Peruvian democracy was crumbling when political neophyte Alberto Fujimori, a former university professor of Japanese descent, was elected president in 1990.
During the course of the cold war, U.S. policy toward Latin America was shaped by the steadfast belief that the region's militaries were our strongest and most dependable allies.
U.S.-Nicaraguan relations have been rocky ever since the end of the U.S.-sponsored war against the Sandinista government.
Central Americas modern history is marked by widespread poverty, stark inequalities, political instability, and violent repression.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
The U.S. trade embargo and various other sanctions against Cuba have been in place for some 36 yearsand U.S. policy toward the island has changed little in that time.
Two sometimes divergent, sometimes convergent streams of U.S. policy have played an influential role in defining the economic and political system of Haiti.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) sets guidelines for the elimination of most trade and investment barriers between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico over a 15-year period.
Since the early 1980s Washington has sought to break down all barriers to U.S. trade and investment in Mexico.
The economic crisis in Mexico has dampened enthusiasm in the U.S. for the extension of free-trade agreements throughout the Americas.