In 1990, the issue that catapulted Romania into the headlines in the West, after the rise and fall of Ceausescu, was the country’s orphanages. Journalists and foreign health care workers were appalled to discover the condition of babies and children in the many state-run institutions in the country. During the Ceausescu era, abortions were difficult to obtain, and many families were simply too poor to handle another mouth to feed. The 700 orphanages scattered around the country were filled to bursting with 170,000 children.
Many of the children were healthy. Adoption agencies began to match children to eager parents abroad. In that first year, Romania sent 10,000 children abroad, and tens of thousands more before the Romanian government, citing corruption, imposed a moratorium in 2001.
But there were also many children that didn’t fit the profile that most adoptive parents wanted. These were the “irrecuperables,” the children with mental and physical disabilities who were warehoused in “hospitals.” Romanian authorities, both during and immediately after the Ceausescu era, had deemed these children beyond recuperation.