The U.S. military did not foresee an end of the cold war and was caught without a new strategy when the Soviet Union collapsed.
Central Americas modern history is marked by widespread poverty, stark inequalities, political instability, and violent repression.
Since the early 1980s Washington has sought to break down all barriers to U.S. trade and investment in Mexico.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
Since 1994 U.S. statements regarding a newly democratic South Africa, under the leadership of Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) have frequently been cast in the language of a love fest.
The U.S. trade embargo and various other sanctions against Cuba have been in place for some 36 yearsand U.S. policy toward the island has changed little in that time.
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), a wholly owned government corporation established in 1971, provides taxpayer-backed and taxpayer-funded loans, loan guarantees, and insurance to businesses for investments in politically risky countries.
The U.S. views Libya and Sudan as rogue states that should be contained by providing U.S. military aid to neighboring countries.
The unquiet legacy of foreign intervention still casts a long shadow over U.S. policy in Indochina.
For 20 years the gap has been widening between the level of economic development in Africa and every other area of the world.