The end of the cold war sparked contentious debate about what constitutes the most effective and least expensive security policy.
Since 1994 U.S. statements regarding a newly democratic South Africa, under the leadership of Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) have frequently been cast in the language of a love fest.
Securing the flow of affordable oil is a cornerstone of U.S. Middle East policy.
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), a wholly owned government corporation established in 1971, provides taxpayer-backed and taxpayer-funded loans, loan guarantees, and insurance to businesses for investments in politically risky countries.
Two sometimes divergent, sometimes convergent streams of U.S. policy have played an influential role in defining the economic and political system of Haiti.
The unquiet legacy of foreign intervention still casts a long shadow over U.S. policy in Indochina.
Close trade and security ties bind the U.S. and Japan in a web of interdependence.
Today, member countries number 125 (nearly the whole world except China, some former communist countries, and a number of small nations) and WTO rules apply to over 90 percent of international trade.
In June 1993 Nigerias military, led by General Ibrahim Babangida, annulled election results, thereby blocking the inauguration of the countrys first civilian president in a decade.
The international community, which failed to act when the crisis began, now faces a major challenge in Burundi and, more widely, in Central Africa.