U.S. and Russia Testing Each Other’s Commitments in Eastern Europe

Ukraine Protests

NATO military exercises have begun in Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia as a response to the 40,000 troops Russia has amassed near Ukraine’s eastern border. The sequential deployments of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team in these Eastern European countries, totaling around 600 U.S. troops, illustrate President Obama’s attempt to reassure NATO allies against possible threats.

The exercises suggest a skepticism among Russia’s rivals that economic sanctions and diplomatic talks will be sufficient to halt the Russian-driven unrest in Ukrainian cities like Donestk, Kramatorsk, Slaviansk, and Luhansk. Government buildings in numerous Eastern Ukraine cities have been taken over by pro-Russian separatist forces and still “unrecognized” army officials, strongly resembling what Crimea went through before breaking off from Ukraine. 

The escalating concern has invigorated the defensive role of NATO, with U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel telling reporters that “Russian aggression has renewed our resolve to strengthen the NATO alliance.” Ukraine is not a member of NATO, but the unrest there has sparked concern among NATO members in Russia’s sphere of influence, particularly in Poland and the Baltic States.

NATO naval forces have also begun performing battle exercises in the Baltic Sea. These have been promoted by Norway, the Netherlands, Estonia, and Belgium. The Russian Defense Ministry responded by conducting its own naval operations in the Caspian Sea and flying surveillance flights over Ukrainian airspace. Even though Russia’s Military Minister Sergei Shoygu has insisted on his country’s preference to stay out of direct military clashes, these allegations should be taken with a grain of salt in light of Russia’s naval, army, and aerial exercises.

The international support has given confidence to a Ukrainian army that was previously paralyzed at the presence of an imposing Russian military. Consequently, military exercises are being more actively conducted within Ukraine itself.

Both sides have been testing each other’s commitments in the region, but now the tensions have reached a high point. The Obama administration is clearly reluctant to escalate any potential conflict with Russia. But if Russia accelerates its intervention in Ukraine, it will face strong pressure from its NATO allies in Eastern Europe to take a more aggressive stance.

Piero Sarmiento is an intern at Foreign Policy in Focus.

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  • Shoaib Khan

    The current confrontation with the West over Ukraine is “forming a new Russian
    society” and the only question is whether Russia will use the near term to
    modernize not in order to please the West but to “more effectively defend its
    interests” against the US. The risks that what is taking place in Ukraine could become “a tragedy,” and the possibilities that the crisis could give Russia a new “chance.”

    The usual ways of evaluating the situation in Ukraine fail to capture what he suggests is its most important consequence: the conclusion of most Russians that this is a clear case of “us” against “them” and that the “them” in this case is important enough to make them feel important as well.

    With Russia and the West seemingly on the brink of confrontation over Eastern Ukraine, Russia Direct sat down with Robert Legvold, Professor Emeritus of Columbia University, to discuss how far Russia and the West might go in their geopolitical face-off over Ukraine.

    Many Russians and some in the West believe that the Russian military could overrun Ukraine because of its superiority over Ukrainian forces, but such views ignore both the enormous challenges that any occupier of Ukraine would face and the reality that the Ukrainian military is in fact a far more serious opponent than many believe.

    With Russia and the United States so focused on the Ukraine crisis, there’s a risk that terrorists or other non-state actors might step up their activity – a risk with grave implications for the world. the Ukrainian crisis inspires a general deterioration in U.S.-Russia relations it is the new Russia-West Cold War. And in that context, all forms of collaboration
    are now in peril or at risk of being jeopardized. And therefore, it is going to
    be very difficult to assume that Washington will again reach out to Moscow and
    say we need to improve cooperation in these areas because the attitude, the mood
    now, is not to collaborate.

    The sanctions signal the West’s readiness to confront Russia. They demonstrate
    that all 28 EU member states agree on joint measures and that the EU and the
    United States have a common approach. The sanctions also show that the West is
    ready to pay a price in terms of the partial interruption of its economic
    interaction with Russia. Unity is key here, to communicate to Moscow that a
    Russian game of divide and rule in response to Western pressure won’t work. the sanctions are meant to change Russia’s behavior. As a minimum goal, they
    are designed to prevent Russia from escalating the situation in Ukraine further.
    In the best―but very unlikely―scenario, the measures are meant to force Russia
    to go back to the status quo ante and restore Ukraine’s territorial integrity.

    Another way for the EU to push back would be to respond to Russia’s attack on
    Ukraine by helping the country defend itself. But the EU as an entity has ruled
    out sending weapons
    to Ukraine. The main argument against providing arms is that Ukraine has no
    chance of winning against Russia if Moscow decides to escalate the conflict. But
    if Kiev had a stronger army, it would be harder and more costly for Russia to
    advance farther into Ukraine.

    In any case, Europe and the United States should be ready to confront Russia
    as soon as it puts unacceptable pressure on countries in the neighborhood. They
    should communicate clear messages to the Kremlin about the exact price Russia
    would have to pay for every future escalatory step it takes. A lack of clarity
    on the side of the West could lead the Kremlin to miscalculate, which could in
    turn force the West to react much more harshly than anticipated.

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    BANK INSTRUMENT PARTICULARS
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    Invoice Price: Four (4%) Percent of the Face Value less the Initial Deposit Paid
    Intermediary Fees: One Percent (1%) of Face Value payable by Beneficiary
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  • Suyog Jain

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    Amount :As Advised by Beneficiary
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  • Ronald Rajnesh Gounder

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  • Casper
  • Casper

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  • Peter Anthony

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  • MURALIDHAR NAYAK

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  • Jacob

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    For every transaction we need three things

    1. Lessor (Applicant) -This is our company or entity that will be applying for the Financial Instrument with the Issuing Bank on behalf of the Beneficiary. The delivery of the Financial / Banking Instrument shall be based on the Applicant’s procedures.

    2. Lessee (Beneficiary / Client) – This is the company who have requested the Financial Instrument whether for their own use or third party to receiving the BG/SBLC/DLC/Red Clause LC. The Client / Lessee nominates the Beneficiary of the Bank Instrument.

    3. Underlying Transaction – This is the transaction that exists between the Lessor (Applicant) and the Lessee (Beneficiary). It is the reason for opening the Stand Letter of Credit or Bank Guarantee or Letter of Credit of any kind. The underlying transaction can be for obtaining loans or funding from Banks or Monetizers as well as for the Purchase and Sale of Goods or Services depending on the type of instrument requested.

    Should you have an interest in the Lease of these, kindly inform and we will be glad to share with you our PROCEDURAL TERMS in regards to setting things in motion for an IMPENDING TRANSACTION. Upon the acceptance of your party to work with the Lessor’s Terms, we would have Legal Contract in place for the transaction to be set up between the Applicant and the Beneficiary and the delivery of the Bank Instrument will be in accordance with the Verbiage (Text) chosen by the Beneficiary’s Bank.

    With the Legal Contract set up and the proceedings followed as stipulated in the contract, the eventual transmission of the Instrument via Swift MT199 / MT799 / MT700 / MT760 will be effected within 2 Banking Days after the Contractual Obligations have been completed.

    We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request to help us proceed towards closing deals effectively

    For further inquiry contact
    E-mail: bgjan.farnholt@gmail.com
    Skype ID: bgjan.farnholt

  • ORACHAIN CHAINARONG

    Sir/Ma

    Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lender? i want you to take a chance with us you will never regret your partnership with our firm..We have a direct genuine provider for BG/SBLC,MTN,LC,CD,DLC BOND specifically for lease,Our lease rate is (5)% x%. X% IS Lessee broker’s Commission and he determines his commission, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    All inquires to Mr.Kang Hee Li should include the following minimum information so I can quickly address your needs:

    Complete contact information:
    What exactly do you need?
    How long do you need it for?
    Are you a principal borrower or a broker?

    We are ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me direct.

    For all inquires Contact:

    NAME: Chainarong Orachorn
    EMAIL: orachain.advisory@gmail.com
    SKYPE : orachain.advisory

  • ORACHAIN CHAINARONG

    Sir/Ma

    Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lender? i want you to take a chance with us you will never regret your partnership with our firm..We have a direct genuine provider for BG/SBLC,MTN,LC,CD,DLC BOND specifically for lease,Our lease rate is (5)% x%. X% IS Lessee broker’s Commission and he determines his commission, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    All inquires to Mr.Kang Hee Li should include the following minimum information so I can quickly address your needs:

    Complete contact information:
    What exactly do you need?
    How long do you need it for?
    Are you a principal borrower or a broker?

    We are ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me direct.

    For all inquires Contact:

    NAME: Chainarong Orachorn
    EMAIL: orachain.advisory@gmail.com
    SKYPE : orachain.advisory

  • ORACHAIN CHAINARONG

    Sir/Ma
    Sir/Ma

    Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lender? i want you to take a chance with us you will never regret your partnership with our firm..We have a direct genuine provider for BG/SBLC,MTN,LC,CD,DLC BOND specifically for lease,Our lease rate is (5)% x%. X% IS Lessee broker’s Commission and he determines his commission, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    All inquires to Mr.Kang Hee Li should include the following minimum information so I can quickly address your needs:

    Complete contact information:
    What exactly do you need?
    How long do you need it for?
    Are you a principal borrower or a broker?

    We are ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me direct.

    For all inquires Contact:

    NAME: Chainarong Orachorn
    EMAIL: orachain.advisory@gmail.com
    SKYPE : orachain.advisory
    Are you having one or two difficulties from other financial instrument lender? i want you to take a chance with us you will never regret your partnership with our firm..We have a direct genuine provider for BG/SBLC,MTN,LC,CD,DLC BOND specifically for lease,Our lease rate is (5)% x%. X% IS Lessee broker’s Commission and he determines his commission, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    All inquires to Mr.Kang Hee Li should include the following minimum information so I can quickly address your needs:

    Complete contact information:
    What exactly do you need?
    How long do you need it for?
    Are you a principal borrower or a broker?

    We are ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact me direct.

    For all inquires Contact:

    NAME: Chainarong Orachorn
    EMAIL: orachain.advisory@gmail.com
    SKYPE : orachain.advisory

  • Jacob

    Dear Sir/Ma

    I write to introduce our financial services to you. I am a direct mandate to a Financial Institution who is also known as private lender specialized in the Lease of Bank / Financial Instruments in the form of Bank Guarantees (BG), Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC), Documentary Letter of Credit (DLC), Letter of Credit (LC), Performance Bonds (PB), Medium Term Notes (MTN) et al with funds is purely earned from private and corporate investment portfolios without criminal origin.

    We offer these from a genuine and certifiable finance company as the provider hence we are able finance your signatory projects and help you enhance your business plan. Furthermore, our financial instrument can be used for the purchase of goods from any manufacturer irrespective of their location. It can also serve as collateral with any bank in the world to secure loans for your project or to activate credit line to finance your business plan.

    Our financial instrument can be invested into High Yield Investment Trading Program {HYITP) or Private Placement Program (PPP). All bank instruments are for lease from a genuine and reliable source without broker chain / joker broker story or chauffer driven offer while having your required time frame in mind.
    We specialized in Bank Guarantee {BG}, Standby Letter of Credit {SBLC}, Medium Term Notes {MTN}, Confirmable Bank Draft {CBD} as well as other financial instruments issued from AAA Rated bank such as HSBC Bank Hong Kong, HSBC Bank London, Deutsche Bank AG Frankfurt, Barclays Bank , Standard Chartered Bank and others on lease at the lowest available rates depending on the face value of the instrument needed.

    We will be glad to share our working procedures with you upon request to help us proceed towards closing deals effectively.

    For further inquiry contact
    E-mail: bgjan.farnholt@gmail.com
    Skype ID: bgjan.farnholt

  • jesus Gomez

    Dear sir/ma

    Fresh Cut BG / SBLC, MTN Specifically for Lease @ (5.0 0.5 X)%. Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected We are direct to a provider for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at leasing price of (5.0 0.5 X)% of face value, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.
    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding: For further details contact us with the below information.

    Contact : Mr. JESUS FERRER GOMEZ
    Email: jf.leaseconsult@gmail.com
    Skype ID: jf.leaseconsult

  • senthil Sampath

    We offer fresh cut bank instrument for lease, such as BG, SBLC, MTN, Bank Bonds, Bank Draft, T strips and others. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal expense to the borrower compared to other banking options. This offer is opened to both those and corporate bodies.

    All relevant business information will be provided upon request. If Interested kindly contact me via Email:~

    Mr. Senthil Kumah

    Email: sksam.advisor@gmail.com

    skype: butty.bernard

  • Raphael231

    Kindly let me know what exactly you want? , We are direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC and LC which are specifically for lease, our bank instrument can be engage in PPP Trading, Discounting, signature project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kind of projects and right now we have an option for lease and we can deliver strictly with our working procedure and terms only.

    Thank you
    Mr Raphael Shlomo Hakuk.
    Email: rhfunding.raphkuk@gmail.com
    Skype ID: rhfunding.raphkuk

  • Rudolf Gerben Zijlma

    Dear Partner/Associate,

    Are you an individual businessman or a business organisation that wishes to expand in business ??, we offer financial instrument such as BGs, SBLCs, MTNs, LCs, CDs and others on lease and sales at a rate of (3 + 0.5 + X)% of the facevalue and reasonable conditions from a genuine provider. You are at liberty
    to engage our leased facilities into trade programs as well as in signatory project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication and any other project(s) etc.

    With our financial/bank instrument you can establish line of credit with your bank and/or secure loan for your projects in which our bank instrument will serve collateral in your bank to fund your project.

    We deliver with time and precision as set forth in the agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable and we work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this instrument can be monetized on your behalf for upto 100% funding.

    Regards
    Rudolf Gerben Zijlma
    Contact Email: rgz.leasebrokerage@gmail.com
    Skype ID: rgz.leasebrokerage

    Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together for the benefits of all parties involved.

  • Kim yang

    Greetings to you potential client,We Have Effective and efficient PROVIDER who offer financial instruments such as Fresh Cut Bank Guarantee (BG), Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC), Medium Term Note (MTN), which we have specifically for “lease/buy”.
    These Instruments from our investor can be professionally arranged in your name from major banks and institutions. Some of the available banks we have includes HSBC Bank, Barclays Bank or Deutsche Bank Frankfurt. Our financial instrument can be invested into High Yield Investment Trading Program {HYITP) or Private Placement Program (PPP). All bank instruments are for lease and/or sale from a genuine and reliable source without broker chain / joker broker story or chauffer driven offer while having your required time frame in mind.
    Just incase you do not know,Please note that Most banks offer SBLC/BG in US Dollars or Euros! Please take note that we strongly support the usage of our leased facilities into LARGE initiating and funding project(s) such as
    Aviation
    Agriculture
    Petroleum
    Mining
    Telecommunication
    Construction of Dams
    Bridges
    Other Turnkey Project (s) etc.
    Bless You,
    Mr. Kim Yang
    For further inquiries:
    Contact Email: bgsblclcbroker@gmail.com
    Skype ID: kim.yang38

  • Hakuk Rapheal

    Dear Sir/ Ma,

    I am a mandate to an Investment Company who is a premier provider of trade finance and project finance instruments as well as discountable bank instruments;

    We are specialist in providing Genuine Bank Guarantees, Standby Letter of Credit, Pre Advice / RWA Messages, Documentary Letters of Credit, Bank Draft, Proof of Funds, Performance Bond, Medium Term Notes, and various SWIFT messaging services on lease and sale. We issue these instruments from prime banks, secondary banks, and financial institutions; and transmit SWIFT MT 760, MT 799, MT199, MT999 and other messages on behalf of our clients.

    We offer certifiable and verifiable bank instruments via Swift Transmission from a genuine provider capable of taking up time bound transactions. We are RWA ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days

    Kindly contact for genuine inquiries and I can provider you with the needed information.

    Contact: Mr. Hakuk Rapheal
    Email: hakuk.bgsblc@gmail.com
    Skype ID: Hakuk Rapheal