U.S. and Russia Testing Each Other’s Commitments in Eastern Europe

Ukraine Protests

NATO military exercises have begun in Poland, Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia as a response to the 40,000 troops Russia has amassed near Ukraine’s eastern border. The sequential deployments of the American 173rd Airborne Brigade Combat Team in these Eastern European countries, totaling around 600 U.S. troops, illustrate President Obama’s attempt to reassure NATO allies against possible threats.

The exercises suggest a skepticism among Russia’s rivals that economic sanctions and diplomatic talks will be sufficient to halt the Russian-driven unrest in Ukrainian cities like Donestk, Kramatorsk, Slaviansk, and Luhansk. Government buildings in numerous Eastern Ukraine cities have been taken over by pro-Russian separatist forces and still “unrecognized” army officials, strongly resembling what Crimea went through before breaking off from Ukraine. 

The escalating concern has invigorated the defensive role of NATO, with U.S. Secretary of Defense Chuck Hagel telling reporters that “Russian aggression has renewed our resolve to strengthen the NATO alliance.” Ukraine is not a member of NATO, but the unrest there has sparked concern among NATO members in Russia’s sphere of influence, particularly in Poland and the Baltic States.

NATO naval forces have also begun performing battle exercises in the Baltic Sea. These have been promoted by Norway, the Netherlands, Estonia, and Belgium. The Russian Defense Ministry responded by conducting its own naval operations in the Caspian Sea and flying surveillance flights over Ukrainian airspace. Even though Russia’s Military Minister Sergei Shoygu has insisted on his country’s preference to stay out of direct military clashes, these allegations should be taken with a grain of salt in light of Russia’s naval, army, and aerial exercises.

The international support has given confidence to a Ukrainian army that was previously paralyzed at the presence of an imposing Russian military. Consequently, military exercises are being more actively conducted within Ukraine itself.

Both sides have been testing each other’s commitments in the region, but now the tensions have reached a high point. The Obama administration is clearly reluctant to escalate any potential conflict with Russia. But if Russia accelerates its intervention in Ukraine, it will face strong pressure from its NATO allies in Eastern Europe to take a more aggressive stance.

Piero Sarmiento is an intern at Foreign Policy in Focus.

  • Joe Duane

    We offer fresh cut bank instrument for lease/sale, such as BG, SBLC, MTN, Bank Bonds, Bank Draft, T strips and other. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal expense to the borrower compared to other banking options and we also discount/monetize BG’s.

    This offer is open to both individuals and corporate bodies.

    If in need of our services, contact me for detail information.

    Thank you,
    .

    Joeduane@consultant.com

  • Shoaib Khan

    The current confrontation with the West over Ukraine is “forming a new Russian
    society” and the only question is whether Russia will use the near term to
    modernize not in order to please the West but to “more effectively defend its
    interests” against the US. The risks that what is taking place in Ukraine could become “a tragedy,” and the possibilities that the crisis could give Russia a new “chance.”

    The usual ways of evaluating the situation in Ukraine fail to capture what he suggests is its most important consequence: the conclusion of most Russians that this is a clear case of “us” against “them” and that the “them” in this case is important enough to make them feel important as well.

    With Russia and the West seemingly on the brink of confrontation over Eastern Ukraine, Russia Direct sat down with Robert Legvold, Professor Emeritus of Columbia University, to discuss how far Russia and the West might go in their geopolitical face-off over Ukraine.

    Many Russians and some in the West believe that the Russian military could overrun Ukraine because of its superiority over Ukrainian forces, but such views ignore both the enormous challenges that any occupier of Ukraine would face and the reality that the Ukrainian military is in fact a far more serious opponent than many believe.

    With Russia and the United States so focused on the Ukraine crisis, there’s a risk that terrorists or other non-state actors might step up their activity – a risk with grave implications for the world. the Ukrainian crisis inspires a general deterioration in U.S.-Russia relations it is the new Russia-West Cold War. And in that context, all forms of collaboration
    are now in peril or at risk of being jeopardized. And therefore, it is going to
    be very difficult to assume that Washington will again reach out to Moscow and
    say we need to improve cooperation in these areas because the attitude, the mood
    now, is not to collaborate.

    The sanctions signal the West’s readiness to confront Russia. They demonstrate
    that all 28 EU member states agree on joint measures and that the EU and the
    United States have a common approach. The sanctions also show that the West is
    ready to pay a price in terms of the partial interruption of its economic
    interaction with Russia. Unity is key here, to communicate to Moscow that a
    Russian game of divide and rule in response to Western pressure won’t work. the sanctions are meant to change Russia’s behavior. As a minimum goal, they
    are designed to prevent Russia from escalating the situation in Ukraine further.
    In the best―but very unlikely―scenario, the measures are meant to force Russia
    to go back to the status quo ante and restore Ukraine’s territorial integrity.

    Another way for the EU to push back would be to respond to Russia’s attack on
    Ukraine by helping the country defend itself. But the EU as an entity has ruled
    out sending weapons
    to Ukraine. The main argument against providing arms is that Ukraine has no
    chance of winning against Russia if Moscow decides to escalate the conflict. But
    if Kiev had a stronger army, it would be harder and more costly for Russia to
    advance farther into Ukraine.

    In any case, Europe and the United States should be ready to confront Russia
    as soon as it puts unacceptable pressure on countries in the neighborhood. They
    should communicate clear messages to the Kremlin about the exact price Russia
    would have to pay for every future escalatory step it takes. A lack of clarity
    on the side of the West could lead the Kremlin to miscalculate, which could in
    turn force the West to react much more harshly than anticipated.

  • providermandate

    We offer fresh cut bank instrument for lease, such as BG, SBLC, MTN, Bank Bonds, Bank Draft, T strips and others. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal expense to the borrower compared to other banking options. This offer is opened to both those and corporate bodies.

    We are RWA ready to close leasing with any interested client in few banking days, if interested do not hesitate to contact us via email:

    All relevant business information will be provided upon request. If Interested kindly contact me via Email:~
    Contact : Mr. Sorin Lassmann
    Email: providermandate.ls@gmail.com
    Skype ID: ls.nicu

  • Muhameed Liasu

    Dear Sir/Ma,

    We have direct providers for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at leasing price of (0.5 + X)% of face value, Issuance by HSBC London/Hong Kong or any other AA rated Bank in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding : For further details contact us with the below information.

    Contact : Mr. Muhameed Liasu
    Email: muhameed.sblcbg@gmail.com
    Skype ID: muhameed.sblcbg01

    Intermediaries / Consultants / Brokers are welcome to bring their clients and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together

    Regard,
    Muhameed Liasu

  • Sekaran Sebastian

    Dear Sir/Madam,

    We are direct provider for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at leasing price of (3.0 + 0.5)% of face value, Issuance by HSBC Bank London , Barclays Bank London , Deutsche Bank, & AAA Rated Banks

    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding: For further details contact us with the below information.

    Contact : Mr. Sekaran Sebastian

    Skype ID: bglease.sekaran

    Email : bglease.sekaran@gmail.com

  • Joe Duane

    We offer fresh cut bank instrument for lease/sale, such as BG, SBLC, MTN, Bank Bonds, Bank Draft, T strips and other. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal expense to the borrower compared to other banking options and we also discount/monetize BG’s.
    This offer is open to both individuals and corporate bodies.
    If in need of our services, contact me for detail information.
    Thank you,
    Mr.Joe Duane
    email:jduane076@gmail.com
    Joeduane@consultant.com

  • Joe Duane

    We offer fresh cut bank instrument for lease/sale, such as BG, SBLC, MTN, Bank Bonds, Bank Draft, T strips and other. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal expense to the borrower compared to other banking options and we also discount/monetize BG’s.
    This offer is open to both individuals and corporate bodies.
    If in need of our services, contact me for detail information.
    Thank you,
    Mr.Joe Duane..
    email:jduane076@gmail.com
    Joeduane@consultant.com

  • kong mingdao

    Dear Sir/Ma,

    We have direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC and MTN which are specifically for lease. Our bank instrument can be engaged in PPP Trading, Discounting, Signature Project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, Construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kind of projects. We do not have any broker chain in our offer neither do we get involved in chauffeur driven offers. We deliver with time and precision as set forth in our agreement. Our terms and Conditions are reasonable, below

    is our instrument description.

    DESCRIPTION OF INSTRUMENTS:

    1. Instrument: Bank Guarantee (BG/SBLC)
    2. Total Face Value: Min of 1M Euro/USD (One Million Euro/USD) to Max of 5B

    Euro/USD (Five Billion Euro/USD).
    3. Issuing Bank: HSBC, London or Deutsche Bank Frankfurt or any Top 25 WEB
    4. Age: One Year, One Day
    5. Leasing Price: (3 % +0. 5% + X% )
    6. Delivery: Bank to Bank SWIFT.
    7. Payment: MT-103.
    8. Hard Copy: Bonded Courier within 7 banking days.

    All relevant business information will be provided upon request.
    If Interested kindly contact me via Email:~

    Contact : kong mingdao
    Email: bankinstrumentsmandate@gmail.com
    Skype ID: kong.mingdao1

    Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome to bring their clients are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together for the benefits of all parties involved.

  • Muhameed Liasu

    We are direct provider for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at Leasing
    Price: 5.0% of Face Value plus (0.5+X)% commission fees to brokers,

    Issuance by HSBC Bank London , Barclays Bank London,&AAA Rated Banks

    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan
    financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank
    instruments. We work directly with

    issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your
    behalf for 100% funding. Intermediaries/Consultants/Brokers are welcome
    to bring their clients

    and are 100% protected. In complete confidence, we will work together
    for the benefits of all parties involved: For further details contact us
    with the below

    information.

    Thank you
    Muhameed Liasu
    Contact:Muhameed Liasu
    Email:muhameed.sblcbg@gmail.com
    Skype ID: muhameed.sblcbg2

  • Shee Laa

    Hello,
    Thanks for the article about improve ukrainian on skype. It is very useful to improve the skills, i am doing from http://preply.com/en/ukrainian-by-skype

  • Sunilkumar Kozumal

    We are direct provider for BG/SBLC specifically for lease, at leasing price of (5.0 + 2)% of face value, Issuance by HSBC Bank London , Barclays Bank London , Deutsche Bank, BNP Paribas, & AAA Rated Banks in Europe, Middle East or USA.

    Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding: For further details contact us with the below information.

    Contact : Mr. Sunilkumar Putiyapurayil Kozumal

    Email: Zunilfinconsults@gmail.com

    Skype ID: zunilfinconsults

  • Suresh Natarajan

    Greetings to you potential client,We Have Effective and efficient PROVIDER who offer financial instruments such as Fresh Cut Bank Guarantee (BG), Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC), Medium Term Note (MTN), which we have specifically for “lease/buy”.

    These Instruments from our investor can be professionally arranged in your name from major banks and institutions. Some of the available banks we have includes HSBC Bank, Barclays Bank or Deutsche Bank Frankfurt. Our financial instrument can be invested into High Yield Investment Trading Program {HYITP) or Private Placement Program (PPP). All bank instruments are for lease and/or sale from a genuine and reliable source without broker chain / joker broker story or chauffer driven offer while having your required time frame in mind. .Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, loan financing by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with issuing bank lease providers, this Instrument can be monetized on your behalf for 100% funding:

    Just incase you do not know,Please note that Most banks offer SBLC/BG in US Dollars or Euros! Please take note that we strongly support the usage of our leased facilities into LARGE initiating and funding project(s) such as

    Aviation

    Agriculture

    Petroleum

    Mining

    Telecommunication

    Construction of Dams

    Bridges

    Other Turnkey Project (s) etc.

    Bless You,

    Reto Tresch

    For further inquiries:

    name….Suresh Natarajan

    Contact Email: bgfunding.surajan

    Skype ID: bgfunding.surajan

  • kim sungnyon

    Dear Sir/Ma,

    A safe and secured Bank Guarantees (BG), Standby Letter of Credit (SBLC), Documentary Letter of Credit (DLC), Letter of Credit (LC), Performance Bonds (PB), Medium Term Notes (MTN) leasing procedures for the able and serious clients only, we have formulated a very simple and transparent system to execute business, our concern while formulating the procedure was the clients security Of course this system does not leave any room for changes or negotiations, so i would beforehand itself like to apologize to those able and willing clients for whom our system is not suitable.We work only with our procedures; no changes, alterations, etc.

    Our working procedures are very much customized for our clients, these offers are not available over the counter anywhere else. Our team have worked with a group of fund managers and issuers to finalize a procedure where we can confidently say the personal interest of the client has been considered, respected and acknowledged with highest priority. As a commitment to our clients, we are ready to engage in a business valued as low as 1 Million USD/EURO, our intention has been to make our clients comfortable and confident in leasing of bank instruments through us.

    For genuine and Serious inquiry of any form please.

    Contact : Mr. Kim Sungnyon

    Skype ID: kim.sungnyon

    Email : sungnyon.bgsblc@gmail.com

    Regards

  • alexey lapshin

    Dear Sir,

    I can deliver leased instruments to Organisations or individuals with their preferred text verbiage as been approved by their bankers. We also

    offer sales option to interested buyers. Our terms and procedures are so flexible and workable by RWA clients. Our lease rate is (5)%+x%. X% IS

    Lessee broker’s Commission and he determines his commission. Also we have facilities to discount BG and Put you into PPP Trading.

    Contact me through this email:(sussane.terry@gmail.com,draftinstruments@yahoo.com,bfstotalsolution@gmail.com) or through

    skype: (alexey.lapshin2) in other to furnish you with other information.

  • Arjun

    Dear client,

    I can deliver leased instruments to Organization or individuals, Trading, Discounting, signature project(s).The Financial institution can finance your signatory projects such as Real Estate Development, Aviation Service, Agriculture Finance, Petroleum Importation, Telecommunication, construction of Dams or Bridges and all kind of projects.

    The bank instrument can be use for purchase of goods from any manufacturer irrespective of their location. It can also serve as collateral with any bank in the world to secure loan for your project or to establish line of credit with your bank. We offer Bank Guarantee , all are issue from AAA Rated bank such as Deutsche Bank, HSBC Bank, UBS Zurich, Barclay’s Bank , Standard Chartered Bank E.T.C. For more information, Endeavour to contact me as your convenient time.

    Regards
    Email:(ak4441996@gmail.com,arjun_kumar002@yahoo.com)
    Skype: (arjun.kumar409)Serious enquiry only.Time wasters not welcomed.

  • Richard Jameson

    Hello Everyone,

    We have in place a client friendly offer for delivery of bank instrument to our clients.
    We charge low fees and provider delivers MT799 Pre-advice without upfront fees. All
    options are left open in discussion to assist in successful completion of transaction.
    Please get in touch with me if interested in our offer for further discussions. Our delivery
    terms are clearly stated below.

    Regards,

    Contact :Richard Jameson
    Skype ID:Richardjameson1
    Email :Richardscott0099@gmail.com

    BANK INSTRUMENT PARTICULARS
    Instruments: Fully Cash Backed/Bank Guarantee (Standard ICC format)
    Age: Fresh Cut
    Interest Rate: Zero Coupon
    Term: One (1) years and One (1) day
    Currency: USD
    Bank Menu: Top WEB
    Amount: As Advised by Beneficiary
    Initial Deposit: Applies with Value of Instrument Needed
    Invoice Price: Four (4%) Percent of the Face Value less the Initial Deposit Paid
    Intermediary Fees: One Percent (1%) of Face Value payable by Beneficiary
    Tranches:As per agreed tranches schedule
    Delivery: Isuing Bank sends pre-advice via SWIFT MT-799, instrument is then sent via SWIFT MT-760. Hard copy of Instrument will be delivered to Beneficiary’s Bank via Bank Bonded courier within 7 banking days after receipt and authentication of payment.
    Payment: Within 21banking days after receipt and authentication of SWIFT MT-760, Beneficiaries Bank will release payment to Providers Bank via SWIFT MT-103 in accordance with terms and conditions in this agreement.

  • Suyog Jain

    We have direct and efficient providers of Bank Guarantee (BG’s), Insurance Guarantees, MTN, Confirmable Bank Drafts, Standby Letters of Credit (SBLC) and Third Party Guarantees. If you are a potential Investor or principal looking to raise capital, we will be happy to answer any questions that you have about this opportunity and to provide you with details regarding these services. Our BG/SBLC Financing can help you get your project funded, by providing you with yearly renewable leased bank instruments. We work directly with the providers of these instruments. Leased Instruments can be obtained at minimal costs to lessor compared to other banking finance options. This offer is open to both individuals and corporate bodies. If you have need for Corporate loans, International project funding, etc. or if you have a client that requires funding for his project or business, We are also affiliated with lenders who specialize on funding against financial instruments, such as BG, SBLC, POF or MTN, we fund 100% of the face value of the financial instrument. Inquiries from agents/ brokers/ intermediaries are also welcome. If you are interested in seeking to raise finance for your business/projects in this way, please contact me for more information..Contact:

    Contact : Mr.Suyog Jain

    Skype ID: sjlease.mandate

    Email; sjlease.mandate@gmail.com

  • lee youngshik

    We can deliver financial service/instrument(BG/SBLC/MTN/DLC/LC) at affordable price to our customers in other to derive maximum utility. We understand that finding the right company to provide financial instrument is not easy. We are certified financial company that delivers banking instrument for lease which we adhere to our terms and condition. Over 96% of our clients are satisfied with our work whether it is business or financial service.

    Once transaction is in progress, we ensure we keep you posted on the progress of your paper. We also get you connected to the provider for personalized service. Instead of stressing yourself out looking for financial instrument or company why not let professional like us deliver financial instrument to you within the time frame required by you.

    For further details contact us with the below information..

    Contact : Mr.lee youngshik
    Email: leefinance11@gmail.com
    Skype: leefinance11

  • Guan Yongbo

    GENUINE BANK GUARANTEE (BG) AND STANDBY LETTER OF CREDIT (SBLC) FOR LEASE AT THE LOWEST RATES AVAILABLE. OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS SUCH AS MTN, CD, DLC, PB ARE ALSO AVAILABLE.

    We offer certifiable and verifiable bank instruments via Swift Transmission from a genuine provider capable of taking up time bound transactions.

    Email: bankinstrument.guan@gmail.com
    Skype Id#: guan.yongbo70

    Email me for procedure and terms.

    Kindly let me know what exactly you want? , We are direct providers of Fresh Cut BG, SBLC , MTN and LC which are specifically for lease, our bank instrument can be engage in PPP Trading, Discounting, signature project(s) such as Aviation, Agriculture, Petroleum, Telecommunication, construction of Dams, Bridges, Real Estate and all kind of projects

    Regards,
    yongbo.

    Financial Instrument BG, SBLC, LC specifically For Lease.

  • Rajagopal Muthusamy

    Sir,

    We can deliver financial services
    instrument(BG/SBLC/MTN/DLC/LC) at affordable price to our customers in
    other to derive maximum utility. We understand that finding the right
    company to provide financial instrument is not easy. We are certified
    financial company that delivers banking instrument for lease which we
    adhere to our terms and condition. Over 96% of our clients are satisfied
    with our work whether it is business or financial service.

    Once
    transaction is in progress, we ensure we keep you posted on the
    progress of your paper. We also get you connected to the provider for
    personalized service. Instead of stressing yourself out looking for
    financial instrument or company why not let professional like us deliver
    financial instrument to you within the time frame required by you.

    For further details contact us with the below information….

    Thank you.
    Rajagopal Muthusamy
    Contact: rmsfunding.gopal@gmail.comSkype ID: rmsfunding.gopal