Issues / Democracy & Governance
For many in the U.S., Somalia is viewed as a powerful symbol of United Nations peacekeeping failure.
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) sets guidelines for the elimination of most trade and investment barriers between Canada, the U.S., and Mexico over a 15-year period.
Today, member countries number 125 (nearly the whole world except China, some former communist countries, and a number of small nations) and WTO rules apply to over 90 percent of international trade.
When war erupted in the former Yugoslavia in 1991, the U.S. kept its distance.
The economic crisis in Mexico has dampened enthusiasm in the U.S. for the extension of free-trade agreements throughout the Americas.
Over the past decade, nuclear weapons have been reduced from 70,000 to 40,000. The U.S. and Russia hold 97% of these remaining nuclear weapons.
The Clinton administration came into office espousing support for UN peacekeeping. Characterizing his policy as assertive multilateralism, President Clinton appeared enthusiastic about the creation of a small UN quick-deployment force and seemed unwilling to commit U.S. forces to UN operations.
UN operations are crucial in saving and improving lives throughout the world, especially in the development, social, health, and education arenas.
Multilateral debt, the result of lending by the International Financial Institutions (IFIs), is contributing to the economic and social crisis that is overtaking many Low Income Countries (LICs).
With the end of the cold war and the demise of the Soviet threat, NATO must find new rationales for its existence.