Regions / Middle East & North Africa
The ongoing struggle in Iran between Islamic reformers and Islamic hard-liners, along with struggles within the U.S. foreign policy establishment between hawks and those seeking accommodation, has left U.S.-Iranian relations in a state of flux.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the triumph in the Gulf War, the United States standsat least for a timeas the region's dominant outside power.
On Africas Atlantic coast, at the western extremity of the Arab world, lies Western Sahara, site of Africas longest post-colonial conflict.
The U.S. strategy toward Iraq since Desert Storm has failed, and it has no long-term potential.
The strident anti-Americanism of Irans Islamic regime is a direct consequence of past U.S. interference in Iranian internal affairs.
The U.S. views Libya and Sudan as rogue states that should be contained by providing U.S. military aid to neighboring countries.
Securing the flow of affordable oil is a cornerstone of U.S. Middle East policy.
Islamism is viewed as a force that undermines the Middle East peace process, threatens the flow of oil, and leads to the establishment of Iranian-style regimes in the region.
Washington's goals in the Middle East involve support for Israel, assuring oil flow, and ensuring political stability for economic growth.
The special nature of the U.S.-Israel alliance has resulted in special protection of and impunity for Israel in international arenas.