Issues / Labor, Trade, & Finance
Today, member countries number 125 (nearly the whole world except China, some former communist countries, and a number of small nations) and WTO rules apply to over 90 percent of international trade.
For 20 years the gap has been widening between the level of economic development in Africa and every other area of the world.
A fundamental challenge facing policymakers and activists is how to set and enforce rules to protect workers from repression, exploitation, and danger.
The last fifteen years have seen an unprecedented decline in the standard of living of the worlds rural poor, and a related upsurge in both internal and international migration as people search for options.
In promoting structural adjustment, the U.S. has concentrated on short-term profits for businesses and narrow diplomatic gain.
The economic crisis in Mexico has dampened enthusiasm in the U.S. for the extension of free-trade agreements throughout the Americas.
Environmentalists expect access to information and broad participation in decisionmaking. In addition to culture, substantive differences divide the trade and environmental communities.
Transnational corporations (TNCs) increasingly shape our lives as they weave worldwide webs of production, consumption, finance, and culture.
U.S. agricultural policymakers have long relied on the world marketplace to serve a diverse agendaincluding management of the domestic farm economy, promotion of geopolitical interests, and most prominently, bolstering exports.
The conventional arms trade continues to bedevil the international system. Although the world arms trade continues to decline in dollar value, the major arms supplying states have redoubled their efforts to export their weapons overseas.