Issues / Human Rights
Eritreas independence from Ethiopia became official in May 1993, through a United Nations-monitored referendum in which 99.8% of the voters opted for sovereignty.
A nonaligned, economically autarkic, one-party state under harsh military rule since 1962, Burma has metamorphosed into a test case for action on several fronts: human rights in Southeast Asia, international trade relations and the World Trade Organization (WTO), the growing worldwide heroin epidemic, and the role of foreign investors in supporting dictatorships.
The strident anti-Americanism of Irans Islamic regime is a direct consequence of past U.S. interference in Iranian internal affairs.
Mobutu's departure has raised Congolese hopes for a better future, but many are concerned about reported rebel human rights abuses and an ambiguous commitment to democracy.
After the cold war, Albania became a country of strategic importance to the United States.
In the rush to pass tough spending cuts, Congress and the Clinton administration are avoiding making an obvious choice: welfare over warfare.
In June 1993 Nigerias military, led by General Ibrahim Babangida, annulled election results, thereby blocking the inauguration of the countrys first civilian president in a decade.
Since the early 1980s Washington has sought to break down all barriers to U.S. trade and investment in Mexico.
Since 1994 U.S. statements regarding a newly democratic South Africa, under the leadership of Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC) have frequently been cast in the language of a love fest.
The international community, which failed to act when the crisis began, now faces a major challenge in Burundi and, more widely, in Central Africa.