Regions / Middle East & North Africa
With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the triumph in the Gulf War, the United States standsat least for a timeas the region's dominant outside power.
On Africas Atlantic coast, at the western extremity of the Arab world, lies Western Sahara, site of Africas longest post-colonial conflict.
The U.S. strategy toward Iraq since Desert Storm has failed, and it has no long-term potential.
The strident anti-Americanism of Irans Islamic regime is a direct consequence of past U.S. interference in Iranian internal affairs.
The U.S. views Libya and Sudan as rogue states that should be contained by providing U.S. military aid to neighboring countries.
Securing the flow of affordable oil is a cornerstone of U.S. Middle East policy.
Islamism is viewed as a force that undermines the Middle East peace process, threatens the flow of oil, and leads to the establishment of Iranian-style regimes in the region.
The special nature of the U.S.-Israel alliance has resulted in special protection of and impunity for Israel in international arenas.
Washington's goals in the Middle East involve support for Israel, assuring oil flow, and ensuring political stability for economic growth.
When Saddam Hussein ordered his tanks and more than 40,000 troops into the Kurdish city of Irbil on August 31, 1996, he offered President Clinton an apparent "win-win," election-season opportunity.